Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan, Pakistan, Karachi and neighbouring India. It is cultivated in many places, especially across much of South and Southeast Asia.
Jasminum sambac is a small shrub or vine growing up to 0.5 to 3 m (1.6 to 9.8 ft) in height. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrant flowers. The flowers are also used for perfumes and for making tea. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English.
The Medieval Arabic term “zanbaq” denoted jasmine flower-oil from the flowers of any species of jasmine. This word entered late medieval Latin as “sambacus” and “zambacca” with the same meaning as the Arabic, and then in post-medieval Latin plant taxonomy the word was adopted as a label for the J. sambac species.