Bryophyllum Pinnatum, also known as the air plant, cathedral bells, life plant, miracle leaf, and Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas.




Patthar Chatta ,of this species are actually leaf-stem combinations called phylloclades. They are thick, fleshy, elliptical in shape, curved, with a crenate or serrated margin, often reddish. Simple at the base of the stem, the leaves are importunate at the top, 10-30 cm long , with 3-5 pairs of fleshy limb lobes.

The leaves are remarkable for their ability to produce bulblets. At their margin, between the teeth, adventitious buds appear, which in development produce roots, stems and leaves. When the seedlings formed fall to the ground, they root and quickly give new plants. This is a fairly common trait in the subgenus Bryophyllum. The fruits are follicles (10-15 mm ) which are found in the persistent calyx and corolla.

The terminal inflorescence is a panicle, with many pendent, red-orange flowers. The calyx is formed of a long tube, red at the base, veined with yellowish green (or green spotted with reddish brown), with four very small triangular lobes at the end. The tubular corolla, with a pronounced constriction separating the sub spherical part of the ovoid part, is terminated by four lobes which reaches 5 cm in length. It is yellowish in color with red-purple streaks. The eight 8 stamens (4 cm long ) are in two whorls, welded on the corolla. The ovary has four carpels, slightly fused together in the center, with slender styles.

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10 Inch, 18 Inch


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